For the last decade or so, yield has been hard to come by. Fixed-income assets paid historically low yields and the Federal Reserve’s quantitative easing (QE) policy and persistently low Fed Funds rate served to depress them further.
So investors were forced to diversify away from a basic bond portfolio into assets like REITs, MLPs, and yield-optimizing bond funds.
In the last year, that has changed. A lot. The aggressive Fed rate hike cycle sent yields significantly higher in the face of sticky inflation, offering fixed-income investors opportunities to generate returns much closer to the historical norms. Unfortunately, that has also led to a lot of volatility in the bond market as we recently saw the largest move in bond yields since 1987.
One income-generating asset class that never went out of style, however, is dividend paying stocks and the ETFs that own them.
If you are looking for exposure to equity dividends but don’t want to manage a full portfolio of stocks, then a dividend ETF might be a great choice for you.
A dividend ETF is exactly what it sounds like, a fund that prioritizes investing in stocks with high or resilient dividends. These can be further subdivided into funds that track indexes, invest globally, or prioritize a certain sector or investment type.
While this list is not comprehensive, we wanted to highlight a handful of dividend ETFs that are worth watching for income-oriented investors.
Dividend ETF #1: SPDR S&P Dividend ETF (SDY)
What is it? SDY seeks to track the S&P High Yield Dividend Aristocrats Index which is designed to measure the performance of S&P Composite 1500 companies that have a track record of consistently raising their dividends every year over at least a 20-year period and then weighs those companies by indicated yield.
- $23.4 billion AUM (assets under management)
- 2.54% yield
- 0.35% expense ratio
Who’s it for? With an average 10-year return of about 10.2% and a solid 2.54% dividend yield, this dividend ETF is excellent for investors who value stability and reliability over rapid growth and appreciation.
Dividend ETF #2: ProShares S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats ETF (NOBL)
What is it? NOBL seeks to track the S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats index which is composed of companies that have grown their dividends every year for at least 25 years (with most having done so for 40 years or longer). This fund is equal-weighted into a minimum of 40 stocks, with no sector representing more than 30% of the fund.
- $11.2 billion AUM
- 1.92% yield
- 0.35% expense ratio
Who’s it for? This dividend ETF (which began trading in 2013 and does not have 10-year performance numbers) has an average 5-year return of 9.14%, which slightly underperformed the S&P 500 but also affords less volatility than comparable funds. In exchange for slower appreciation and a lower yield, this fund offers less downside and concentration risk due to the fund’s stated diversification goals.
Dividend ETF #3: Vanguard Dividend Appreciation Index Fund ETF (VIG)
What is it? VIG seeks to track the performance of the Nasdaq U.S. Dividend Achievers Select Index which is comprised of securities with at least 10 consecutive years of increasing annual regular dividend payments. This fund employs an indexing approach designed to replicate the performance of the index which typically results in less turnover than a more discretionary fund.
- $76.6 billion AUM
- 1.96% yield
- 0.06% expense ratio
Who’s it for? This dividend ETF applies an index approach which translates to the lowest expenses of the group, making it an excellent choice for cost-conscious investors. That low expense ratio also contributes to a slightly higher 10-year return of 11.25%. Given the index’s lower barrier to entry (10 years of dividend increases as opposed to 20 years or more), it’s possible that exposure to companies earlier in their growth cycle may also be contributing to those higher returns.
These are just a handful of the excellent dividend ETFs available to investors and each offer unique upside potential and downside risk, but in a low-interest-rate environment, dedicating a portion of your portfolio to dividend-paying stocks or a dividend ETF can help you generate the income you need in retirement.