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Realistic Strategies, Realistic Returns

January 3, 2023

Cabot Options Institute Fundamentals – Alert (VZ)

The Dogs of the Dow is an investment strategy that involves investing in the top ten Dow Jones Industrial Average stocks with the highest dividend yields. The theory behind the investment strategy is that the highest-yielding stocks have most likely lagged the market and as a result, are undervalued and due to outperform in the year ahead.

The strategy is implemented by rebalancing the portfolio at the end of each year, selecting the ten highest-yielding Dow stocks and making equal investments in each security. An alternative to the Dogs of the Dow is taking the ten highest-yielding Dow stocks and selecting the five cheapest stocks. The strategy is known as the Small Dogs of the Dow. Both portfolios have outperformed the market over the long term.

In fact, the returns have been quite impressive. According to, “since the turn of the century, the Dogs of the Dow had an average annual total return of 8.7%. The Small Dogs of the Dow have fared even better — gaining an average of 9.3% per year — notable considering that the time period involved included the dot-com bust, a historic financial crisis and a pandemic-induced economic shutdown.”

And when you think that adding on a poor man’s covered call strategy can increase returns on average by 3-5 times, well, I think the Dogs are a strategy worth considering.

The 2023 Dogs of the Dow

Today I want to introduce my first trade, going through the trade step by step, so that we are all on the same page as to how the strategy works. While some of you are veterans at poor man’s covered calls, there are quite a few “newbies” in the group that need some hand-holding. And that’s okay. Again, I’m going to go through the first Dogs of the Dow trade in a detailed manner and plan to follow up today’s alert with the other nine trades over the next few days.

I intend to start with the cheaper Small Dogs of the Dow stocks listed below:

  • Verizon (VZ)
  • Dow (DOW)
  • Intel (INTC)
  • Walgreens Boots Alliance (WBA)
  • Cisco Systems (CSCO)

Once I’ve introduced trades in the Small Dogs, I will follow up with the remaining Dogs of the Dow trades.

  • 3M (MMM)
  • IBM (IBM)
  • Amgen (AMGN)
  • Chevron (CVX)
  • JP Morgan Chase (JPM)

My Approach to the Dogs of the Dow Using Poor Man’s Covered Calls

There are numerous ways to approach poor man’s covered calls. My preference is to use LEAPS that have at least two years left until expiration.

Let’s take our first look/trade at one of the Small Dogs of the Dow stocks for 2023, Verizon (VZ).

As you can see in the chart below the stock is currently trading for 39.78.


Now, if we followed the route of the traditional covered call, we would need to buy at least 100 shares of the stock. At the current share price, 100 shares would cost $3,978. Certainly not a crazy amount of money. But just think if you wanted to use a diversified covered call strategy on, say, numerous higher-priced stocks like Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT) or even an index ETF like SPDR S&P 500 ETF (SPY). For some investors, the cost of 100 shares can be prohibitive, especially if diversification amongst a basket of stocks is a priority. Therefore, a covered call strategy just isn’t in the cards … and that’s unfortunate.

But with a poor man’s covered call strategy you can typically save 65% to 85% of the cost of a covered call strategy.

So again, rather than purchase 100 shares or more of stock, we only have to buy one LEAPS call contract for every 100 shares we wish to control.

As I said before, my preference is to buy a LEAPS contract with an expiration date of around two years. Some options professionals prefer to only go out 12-16 months, but I prefer the flexibility the two-year LEAPS offers.

The image below shows every expiration cycle available for VZ. Again, I want to go out roughly two years in time. The January 17, 2025, expiration cycle with 745 days left until expiration is the longest-dated expiration cycle and would be my choice.


So, when my LEAPS reach 10-12 months left until expiration, I then begin the process of selling my LEAPS and reestablishing a position with approximately two years left until expiration.

Once I have chosen my expiration cycle, I then look for an in-the-money call strike with a delta of around 0.80.

When looking at JPM’s option chain for the January 17, 2025, expiration cycle, I quickly noticed that the 30 call strike has a delta of 0.81. The 30 strike price is currently trading for approximately $10.40. Remember, always use a limit order. Never buy an option at the ask price, which in this case is $10.65.


So, rather than spend $3,978 for 100 shares of VZ, we only needed to spend $1,040. As a result, we saved $2,938, or 73.9%. Now we have the ability to use the capital saved to diversify our premium amongst other Dogs of the Dow stocks if we so choose.

After we purchase our LEAPS call option at the 30 strike, we then begin the process of selling calls against our LEAPS.

My preference is to look for an expiration cycle with around 30-60 days left until expiration and then aim for selling a strike with a delta ranging from 0.20 to 0.40, or a probability of success between 60% to 90%.

As you can see in the options chain below, the February 17, 2023, 41 call strike with a delta of 0.34 falls within my preferred range. We can bring in roughly $0.68 worth of premium from the trade.


Our total outlay for the entire position now stands at $9.72 ($10.40-$0.68). The premium collected is 6.5% over 45 days.

The Trade

Here is the trade:

Buy to open the VZ January 17, 2025, 30 call for roughly $10.40 (adjust accordingly, prices may vary from time of alert)

Once that occurs (or if you are new to the position and already own LEAPS):

Sell to open VZ February 17, 2023, 41 call for roughly $0.68 (adjust accordingly, prices may vary from time of alert)

Premium received: 6.5%

Once the initial LEAPS purchase occurs, we maintain the position and focus on selling near-term call premium against our LEAPS, lowering the original cost basis of $10.40 (or the price at which you purchased your LEAPS) with each and every transaction.

We can continue to sell calls against our LEAPS contract every month or so to lower the total capital outlay. But remember, options have a limited life, so when we get closer to the LEAPS contract’s expiration, we will simply sell the contract and use the proceeds to continue our poor man’s covered call strategy in AAPL.

If we were to use a traditional covered call our potential return on capital would be less than half, or 1.7%.

And remember, the 6.5% is just the premium return, it does not include any increases in the LEAPS contract if the stock pushes higher. Moreover, we can continue to sell calls against our LEAPS position for another 8-12 months, thereby generating additional income or lowering our cost basis even further.

An alternative way to approach a poor man’s covered call, if you are a bit more bullish on the stock, is to buy two LEAPS for every call sold. This way you can benefit from the additional upside past your chosen short strike, yet still participate in the benefits of selling premium.

Regardless of your approach, you can continue to sell calls against your LEAPS as long as you wish. Whether you hold a position for one expiration cycle or 12, poor man’s covered calls give you all the benefits of a covered call for significantly less capital.

Again, I will be back with the remainder of the Dogs of the Dow trades over the next few days. Stay tuned!

And, as always, if you have any questions, please feel free to email me at

Andy Crowder is a professional options trader, researcher and Chief Analyst of Cabot Options Institute. Formerly with Oppenheimer & Co. in New York, Andy has leveraged his investment experience to develop his statistically based options trading strategy which applies probability theory to option valuations in order to execute risk-controlled trades. This proprietary strategy has been refined through two decades of research and real-world experience and has been featured in the Wall Street Journal, Seeking Alpha, and numerous other financial publications. Andy has helped thousands of option traders learn and implement his meticulous rules-driven options trading strategies through highly attended conferences, one-on-one coaching, webinars, and his work as a financial columnist. He currently resides in Bolton Valley, Vermont and when he’s not trading, teaching and writing about options, he enjoys spending time with his wife and two daughters, backcountry skiing, biking, running and enjoying all things outdoors.